Bryan & Company Real Estate Appraisals has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
Define the term "Appraisal"
Define the term "Appraisal"(Top) The process of creating an appraisal deals with an inspection which leads to an opinion of value. This opinion or estimate is figured by using a formal process that generally uses three "common approaches to value". The Cost Approach is one of the methods that real estate appraisers use to find the value of a home; it involves figuring what the improvements would cost less physical depreciation, adding the land value. Easily the most common approach in figuring the likely sales price of a house is the Sales Comparison Approach which deals with figuring a comparison to similar properties close by. Being the most commonly used approach, the Sales Comparison Approach is generally the most accurate and best indicator of market value for a house. One of the least common approaches in appraising residential properties is the Income Approach, which is mainly used to find the value of a property based on what an investor would pay based on the capital produced by the building.
Describe what an appraiser does(Top) An appraiser produces a fair and credible determination of market value, to be used in making real estate transactions. Appraisers show their expert conclusions in appraisal reports.
Why would a person need services from Bryan & Company Real Estate Appraisals?(Top) There are many reasons to get an appraisal with the most common reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Some other reasons for obtaining an appraisal report include:
How is an appraiser different than a home inspector? (Top)Appraisers do not do provide residential property inspections and are not home inspectors. The point of a home inspection is to evaluate the structure of the home from basement to rooftop. The general property inspector's report will include an evaluation of the integrity of the house's heating system, central air conditioning system (temperature permitting), interior plumbing and electrical systems, the roof, attic, and visible insulation, walls, ceilings, floors, windows and doors, the foundation, basement, and visible structure.
What is the difference between an appraisal and a comparative market analysis (CMA)?(Top) Frankly, it's like comparing sugar and saccharin. The CMA depends on vague trends in the market. The appraisal is reliant on specific proven comparable sales. The appraisal report will also include neighborhood and construction costs. A CMA delivers a "ball park figure." Being a documented and carefully investigated opinion of value, appraisals are defensible and stand up in legal situations.
The credentials of the person creating the report is actually the most significant difference between a CMA and an appraisal. Real estate agents write CMA's, and they don't always know the whole market or have specific competence when it comes to home valuation. The appraisal is produce by a licensed, certified professional who makes a living out of valuing properties. Further, the appraiser is an unbiased party, with no conditional interest in the property's value, unlike the agent, who gets a commission based upon the price of the home.
What are the contents of an appraisal report? (Top)The main point of an appraisal document is to let the reader know the value of the real estate in question, and depending on the scope of the report, you'll usually see the following:
Once the appraisal has been delivered, how can I have assurance that the value conclusion is trustworthy?(Top) In the documentation of an appraisal, each appraiser must make sure of the following:
Who engages the services of appraisers?(Top) Typically, appraisers are called upon by mortgage lenders to estimate the value of real estate involved in a loan transaction - to make sure the subject is truly adequate collateral for the loan. Appraisers also provide opinions for legal settlements, tax matters and investment decisions.
Where does Bryan & Company Real Estate Appraisals get the data used to estimate values in Wake County or other areas?(Top) One of the primary things an appraiser does is to compile property data. Data can be categorized as either Specific or General. Specific data is collected from the property itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specific data are documented by the appraiser during an inspection.
General data is gathered from a variety of places. To find out about recent sales to be used as "comps", an appraiser will typically go to the local Multiple Listing Service. Tax records and other courthouse documents verify actual sales prices in a market. Flood zone data is gathered from FEMA data outlets, such as a la mode's InterFlood system.
And most importantly, the appraiser assembles general data from his or her collective knowledge gained from doing assignments for other properties in the same market.
How can a licensed appraiser help me?(Top) Any time the value of your home or other real property is being used to make a significant financial decision, an appraisal helps. When selling your house, an appraisal assists you in setting a price that maximizes profit and reduces time on the market. If you're buying, it makes sure you don't overpay. If you're engaged in an estate settlement or divorce, it ensures that property is divided fairly. Simply put, a home is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Knowing its true value means you can make informed financial decisions.
What exactly is PMI and how can I get rid of it?(Top) PMI stands for Private Mortgage Insurance. This additional plan covers the lender in the event a borrower doesn't pay on the loan and the value of the property is less than what is owed on the loan. You can have your PMI dropped once you've achieved 20% equity in your home through appreciation and principal payments.
Does the appraiser need anything from me in advance?(Top) The first step in most appraisals is the property inspection. What this entails is the appraiser, after setting up an appointment, personally going through the home - recording the layout of the rooms, taking photos and documenting the general status of its features. The best thing you can do to help is make sure we have easy access to the exterior of the house . Trim any landscaping and relocate any items that would make it difficult to measure the structure. On the inside, make sure we can easily access items like furnaces and water heaters.
The following items, if available, will help your appraiser to provide a more accurate appraisal in a shorter period of time:
How does an appraiser define "Market Value"?(Top) In real estate appraising, Market Value (as opposed to Fair Market Value) is commonly defined as:
Who has rights to the appraisal report?(Top) For mortgage transactions, the lender requests the appraisal, either directly or through a third party. Even though it's the buyer that eventually pays for the report, the lender is the intended user. The buyer is entitled to a copy of the appraisal - it's usually bundled with all the other closing documents - but is not allowed to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
It's different when it's the homeowner hiring the appraiser for things outside securing a mortgage. In these cases, the appraiser may state the purpose of the appraisal; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not stated otherwise, the home owner can do whatever they want with the appraisal.
Are some home improvements more worthwhile than others?(Top) Like all things real estate, this is dependent on a home's location. For example, adding a central air conditioner in to a home in the South may add significant value, while putting one in a home near the Pacific Northwest might not have much impact.
As a rule, the most value returned from renovating a home comes in the kitchen. According to one national survey, kitchen remodels returned an average of 88% of the investment. In other words, a $10,000 kitchen remodeling project would add approximately $8,800 to the value of the home. Bathrooms weren't far behind, yielding 85%. Adding bedrooms and baths can also increase the value of your home (when done well) as long as your home doesn't then become overbuilt for your neighborhood in terms of size.